Japanese Knotweed Eradication
Ayrshire Tree Surgeons provide herbicide control services for gardens, development sites, roadsides, industrial sites and woodlands.
We use knapsacks for tricky or small areas. Sensitive areas are our speciality, especially where any drift potential is a risk factor.
We eradicate ‘Non Native Invasive Shrubs and Vascular Plants:
Japanese , Giant hogweed, Himalayan Balsam, Rhododendron Ponticum to name a few.
- you can rely on our knowledge and expertise at all times.
- we will do what we said we would and at the agreed time.
Cost effective solution
- we are committed to delivering best prices to meet your budgets.
Ayrshire Tree Surgeons Application Methods for Recommended Herbicide Treatments meet the highest industry standards:
Foliar applications are made with a low pressure (20-50 psi) backpack sprayer at rates of one gallon or less per minute. All foliar treatments are made after full leaf expansion in the spring and before autumn colours are visible. We allow herbicide treatments to dry for at least three hours at an air temperature above 60Â°F to ensure adequate absorption and translocation. In areas that receive significant public use, it may be necessary to close off the treatment area until the herbicide has completely dried.
Use a nonionic surfactant with all herbicide solutions, unless otherwise specified by the manufacturer’s label. Surfactants increase the effectiveness of the herbicide by 1) reducing surface tension and ensuring complete foliar coverage, and 2) increasing the rate of absorption through the leaf cuticle.
We apply herbicide with a backpack or similar hand-operated pump sprayer equipped with a flat spray tip or adjustable cone nozzle. We apply herbicide to the leaves and stems of target plants using a consistent back and forth motion. Herbicide should thoroughly cover foliage, but not to the point of run-off. All recommended herbicides require complete foliar coverage to be effective. Applications made while walking backward will reduce the risk of the herbicide wicking onto the applicator’s clothing.
Cut Surface Treatments
Cut surface treatments include hack and squirt, girdle, and cut stump methods. The main advantages to these methods are: 1) they are very economical, 2) there is minimal probability of non-target damage, 3) minimal application time, and 4) they can be used in the winter as long as the ground is not frozen. Backpack sprayers or spray bottles are very effective for all of these methods.
Hack and Squirt Method: Using an axe or similar cutting tool, we make uniformly spaced cuts around the base of the stem. The cuts angle downward, be less than 2.5 cm (1 in) apart, and extend into the sapwood. We apply herbicide to each cut to the point of over flow.
Frill Method: Using an axe or similar cutting tool, we make continuous cuts around the base of the stem. The cuts angle downward, are less than 2.5 cm (1 in) apart, and extend into the sapwood. We apply the recommended herbicide to the entire cut area to the point of over flow.
Cut Stump Method: Horizontally cut stems at or near ground level; all cuts are level, smooth, and free of debris. We immediately apply the herbicide to the outer 20% (cambial area) of the stump; delayed treatment may reduce the effectiveness of treatment.
Basal Bark Treatments
Basal bark treatments are effective for controlling woody vines, shrubs, and trees. Treatments can be made any time of year, including the winter months, except when snow or water prevent spraying the basal parts of the stem. Proper plant identification is crucial during the dormant season due to the absence of foliage.
We apply herbicide with a backpack sprayer using low pressure (20-40 psi) with a straight stream or flat fan tip. To control vegetation with a basal stem diameter of less than 7.6 cm (3.0 in) apply specified herbicide-oil mixture on one side of the basal stem to a height of 15.25 cm (6 in) from the base. We apply herbicide to the point of run-off; within an hour mixture should almost encircle the stem. For stems greater than 7.6 cm (3.0 in) basal diameter or with thick bark, treat both sides of the stem to a basal height of 30.5 cm (12 in) to 61 cm (24 in).
All herbicides are applied in accordance with specific label instructions, which include personal protective equipment and storage requirements.